The most effective addiction treatment incorporates medications and behavioral therapy and is tailored to the specific patient and his/her situation. Medications can be used to treat withdrawal symptoms, to help a patient remain in treatment for long, and prevent possible relapse. Medication is used in addiction treatment as part of ensuring long-term treatment. Long-term recovery from addiction is possible when there is a participation in self-help groups, strong ties in the community and properly managed medication. Because all forms of stress addicts experience in their everyday life largely contribute to drug relapse, it is crucial that a recovering addict should get support from the community to help manage additional stressors.
This community can be found through a treatment program, either at a residential treatment center or through support groups and group therapy. These communities are essential because they help to recover patients to combat daily stressors such as exposure to people or environments that trigger drug or alcohol use and poor life at home, which are some of the major factors that cause alcohol relapse.Apart from this, aftercare is another essential component of addiction treatment. It is usually recommended that recovering addicts should transition gradually out of addiction treatment instead of directly entering back into the old situations and environments after periods of concentrated rehabilitation.
This can easily be accomplished by sober living homes and other environments that help to recover addicts to transit from rehabilitation. Slow transition can also be done by limiting the number of hours a patient spends in treatment every day. Aftercare is essential because it enables patients to not only deal with chronic relapse but also withdrawal. Withdrawal in most cases involves various distressing symptoms that include physical illnesses, restlessness, anxiety, and depression. Certain medications can be used to diminish these symptoms, reduce a patient’s cravings for drugs or alcohol and ensure that the detox process is easier for the patient.